What is a healthy diet? Why is it important? People need many components in order to maintain their body functions in a healthy way. These should be taken into the body in sufficient amounts with protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibers. For this, each type of food should be consumed in sufficient amounts and in moderation. In other words, diversity should be provided in the diet.
Proteins, What is a healthy diet?
Proteins are also called the constructive and restorative food group. It is the most common nutrient in the structure of the human body. Supporting mental and cognitive functions enables the realization of motor skills. The production of the energy required for this ensures that the production of immune system elements and blood is maintained in a healthy way. In order to fulfill many more functions, the protein requirement must be fully met. There are varying amounts of protein in vegetable and animal foods. Those who need to take high amounts of protein are people who are necessary for a healthy diet in young people and especially physically working people and athletes with high levels of physical activity. The amount of protein that should be taken with foods decreases in individuals with a sedentary lifestyle and in patients with liver and kidney disease. What is a healthy diet? Why is it important?
Carbohydrates are the main energy sources of the body. It is mostly found in grains, legumes, and fruits. Individuals who want to eat healthily should take care to fully meet their carbohydrate needs. They should be met with complex carbohydrates (whole grains, legumes, etc.) with high fiber, vitamin, and mineral content instead of refined sugar and purified grains. In this way, weight control can be achieved while preventing fluctuations in energy and mood. Blood sugar can be kept under control.
What is a healthy diet? Another nutrient, fat is the part most associated with weight gain. It is one of the food groups that should be consumed in moderation. However, the amount of fat needed by the body should be fully met from healthy sources in order to maintain body functions smoothly and especially to maintain hormonal balance. Processed oils such as animal fats and margarine should be avoided as much as possible. Instead of these, care should be taken to consume fish containing olive oil and omega 3 fatty acids. While meeting the fat requirement, it should be kept in mind that this is not just about fat added to foods. It should not be forgotten that there is a significant amount of fat in the structure of foods such as meat, milk, and fish.